- On 8 Feb 2017
"The Masterpieces of Byzantine" in The Tretyakov Gallery
The exhibition "The Masterpieces of Byzantine" is on a display in Tretyakov Gallery. Eighteen art works were brought to Moscow from Greek collections. The art of Byzantium is perceived to be close to the Russian soul, as, during the process of Christianization, Ancient Rus has adopted traditions of icon painting, temple architecture and the language of the liturgy from the Byzantine Empire.
The earliest exhibit - is the silver-cast Processional cross, used during the liturgy ceremony, which was curved in the end of the 10th century and is decorated with the images of Christ, The Holy Mother and saints. The art of 12th century is presented by the icon of "The Raising of Lazarus". Such works as "St. George, with scenes of his live" Bilateral icon and Icon "The Virgin and Child" are representing the art of the 13th century. The post-Byzantine period is presented by three icons of Greek masters who fled to Crete after the fall of Constantinople.
The exhibition setting was set in a certain way, allowing people to browse the records from both sides. This style of exhibiting was borrowed from the icons' original hall in Byzantium museum, and was preferred to the idea of imitating the temple space. Elena Saenkova has commented that items contain important elements, which would not be visible to an eye, if items are placed against the wall as in temples. The back side of the icon contains such unique elements as flowers, or a cross, which are integral part of the icon's decoration.